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Lifting families out of poverty in Brazil : Bolsa Familia Program : Bresil - Le Programme Bolsa Familia (français)

Brazil's conditional cash transfer (CCT) program Bolsa Familia helped millions out of the poverty and is among the most effective social protection programs in the world, having helped raise approximately 20 million people out of poverty between 2003 and 2009 and well as significantly reducing income inequality. In September 2010, at least 12.7 million families (or nearly 50 million people) were benefited by the program, according to Brazil's Ministry of Social Development and Hunger Alleviation. Bolsa Familia is a CCT program which provides direct cash transfers to poor families who keep their children in school and under regular medical supervision. By this, it seeks to reduce both immediate and future poverty. The Bolsa Familia Program was launched in October 2003, during Brazilian President Luiz Inascio Lula da Silva's first term, as the Government's flagship social program in support of his ‘zero hunger’ initiative. In fact, Brazilian efforts to address the structural causes of poverty started in 1995, with municipal CCT programs, which led to the creation of several national CCT programs in the early 2000s. In 2003, four existing federal CCT programs were merged into Bolsa Familia. Since the program’s inception in 2003, the World Bank played an important role in the consolidation of first phase of Bolsa Familia, when the program was supported by a US$572 million loan approved in 2004, to help develop, strengthen and expand Brazil’s flagship social protection program. In September 2010, the World Bank approved a US$200 million loan for the second phase of support to Brazil’s Bolsa Família, which aims to further strengthen Bolsa Familia’s ability to achieve its objectives of reducing poverty and inequality and promoting the use of education and health services of the poor population. Between 2003 and 2009, poverty (PPP $2 per day) has fallen from 22 percent of the population to 7 percent.

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