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Brazil - Current economic position and prospects : Main report (anglais)

The mission's value and quantity projections for exports, along with the data relating to the recent past. With respect to coffee, sugar, cocoa, meat, rice, corn, iron ore and manganese ore, which account for about 85 percent of the total value of exports, the mission has made explicit assumptions regarding export prices and quantities. Between 1950-514 and `462-63, the Santos 4 price on the New York market declined from an average of nearly 60 cents to about 314 cents. Although the price rose sharply in 1964 because of frost and fire damage in Brazil, world imports showed no change from the level of the previous year because it is believed that roasters bought heavily, expecting the price to continue upward. The projection of cotton exports is based on the following assumption: a price of 25 cents per lb., i.e., $590/ton f.o.b. throughout, roughly equivalent to the current price level and that over the projection period the rate of growth in world consumption and trade would tend to decelerate to the rate of world population growth (approximately 1.7 percent per year). The limit to the future expansion of cot-ton exports would not be the domestic production potential but international demand, and Brazil should be able to maintain its recent share of that demand, which has been about 7-8 percent in recent years. For Bahia cocoa beans the mission has assumed a price of 20 cents per pound or $440 per metric ton on the assumption that there is no international cocoa agreement by 1970. If the Producers' Alliance Agreement, which is currently effective, remains in force by 1970 and is able to maintain a price of approximately 21.4 cents per pound or $472 per metric ton, the mission's estimate will be on the low side. A corresponding price for cocoa butter may be, approximately $1,000 per ton when beans are around $440 a ton.


  • Date du document


  • Type de document

    Rapport économique ou sectoriel antérieur à 2003

  • Numéro du rapport


  • Volume


  • Total Volume(s)


  • Pays


  • Région

    Amérique latine et Caraïbes,

  • Date de publication


  • Disclosure Status


  • Titre du rapport

    Main report

  • Mots clé

    exchange rate;Exchange Rates;capital outflow;compulsory deposit;balance of payment;effective exchange rate;Capital Inflows;foreign exchange;rate of growth;domestic production;gross domestic product;nominal exchange rate;foreign exchange budget;liquid petroleum gas;exchange rate depreciation;Balance of Trade;domestic price level;Exchange rate policies;agriculture and industry;errors and omission;exchange rate policy;payment for service;debt service burden;debt service ratio;domestic capital market;world population growth;import of goods;payments on loans;preferential exchange rate;foreign exchange guarantee;international cocoa agreement;current account balance;foreign parent company;cash loan;raw material;parallel market;export price;minimum price;world demand;manufactured goods;exchange contract;publishing house;cotton export;financial transfer;world consumption;free market;import substitution;production control;expected growth;interest cost;world price;transport equipment;cocoa bean;private source;direct investment;export quota;iron ore;petroleum import;monetary authority;external borrowing;raw sugar;debt rescheduling;commercial bank;public finance;crude petroleum;world market;inconvertible currencies;project finance;wage policy;industrial financing;floating rate;average price;financial commitment;domestic growth;foreign capital;foreign fund;paper production;national economy;wood product;national railway;reinsurance premium;export projections;domestic demand;international demand;external obligation;amortization schedule;payment schedule;working capital;price assumptions;diversification program;fire damage;exchange market;sugar industry;world production;credit outstanding;beet sugar;telephone exchange;breeding animal;grace period;repayment period;correspondence course;advance deposit;equipment loan;limited capacity;domestic economy;public entity;equipment imports;export commodity;export earnings;net payment;invisible payment;insurance expenditure;external payment;base year;exchange position;weighted average;petroleum product;cattle industry;payment projection;exchange tax;domestic producer;real return;export market;export prospects;hard coal;steel industry;primary product;cashew nut;minimum requirement;mixed enterprise;magazine subscription;retirement benefit;railway equipment;industrial production;living allowance;general merchandise;military use;transportation equipment;lubricating oil;synthetic rubber;



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