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Bangladesh - Country snapshot (anglais)

Bangladesh is one of South Asia's poorest countries, but it has sustained positive and accelerating growth for thirty years and made good progress in human development. Over the past three decades, per capita gross national income (GNI) grew at a compound rate of 4.9 percent a year, from an average of $25 in the 1980s to $913 by 2013. While growth in GNI in the 1980s and 1990s came almost entirely from growth in gross domestic product (GDP), remittances from workers abroad have emerged in the past decade as a significant source of income. GDP growth increased from 3.7 percent in the 1980s to 4.8 percent in the 1990s and to 5.8 percent in 2000s. Macroeconomic stability, deregulation, financial sector development, and greater integration with the world economy have been key factors explaining these successes. For most social indicators, Bangladesh compares favorably with countries with similar income levels as a result of its achievements in increasing literacy, school enrollments, and life expectancy, and in lowering fertility and child mortality rates.


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    Document de travail

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    Asie du Sud,

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  • Titre du rapport

    Bangladesh - Country snapshot

  • Mots clé

    rural water supply and sanitation;Pilot Program for Climate Resilience;Norwegian Agency for Development;Disaster Risk Reduction and Management;access to public health service;small and medium enterprise;impact of climate change;Transparency in Public Sector;health policy makers;access to safe water;price petroleum product;Environmental and Social Safeguard;investment and advisory services;rural water supply coverage;institutional capacity building;Information, Education and Communication;Disaster Management and Relief;children at risk;people with disability;safe water supply;access to finance;safety net program;piped water supply;climate change impact;sewerage and drainage;improved water source;gdp growth rate;current account surplus;banking sector asset;business process reengineering;private credit growth;loss of life;absolute poverty line;child mortality rate;incentives for efficiency;public transport network;law and regulation;destination for migrants;local natural disaster;food safety standard;sustainability in agriculture;climate change threat;climate change challenge;water quality issue;climate change adaptation;increase in capacity;alternative energy source;balance of payment;gross national income;public-private partnership;international commodity price;nominal exchange rate;Public Sector Governance;rise in inflation;source income;public private partnership;risk of contagion;primarily due;volume of trade;decline in remittance;banking system asset;partial risk guarantee;poor air quality;source of income;Foreign Exchange Reserve;financial sector development;weak environmental legislation;road and bridges;growth and development;living in poverty;price of fertilizer;Social Safety Nets;rate of growth;income tax revenue;provision of infrastructure;quality and relevance;water supply service;strategic policy making;public policy action;liters of water;local private sector;air quality data;export processing zone;banking sector reform;deep tube well;community base;country economic memorandum;reduction in poverty;child protection services;government service delivery;services for children;private equity fund;foreign direct investment;storm water drainage;Environmental Risk Management;improving business environment;sensitive land use;water production capacity;sustainable private sector;households with electricity;corporate governance;budget target;coastal area;export growth;political turmoil;extreme poverty;financial market;commercial bank;domestic demand;pumping station;rural area;earthquake risk;government borrowing;pump capacity;storm surge;Resource Efficiency;project intervention;salinity intrusion;vulnerable countries;flood inundation;agricultural production;cleaner production;Traffic Signals;rapid urbanization;wage increase;public expenditure;private investment;labor-intensive export;critical infrastructure;utilization rate;Rural Poor;investment finance;political unrest;coastal embankments;foreign investor;agricultural productivity;stormwater drainage;fertility rate;investment client;labor income;drainage canal;development partner;economic zone;improved sanitation;sanitation facility;Sanitation Services;social care;vulnerable child;financial system;urban transport;polder system;employment generation;evaluation component;investment planning;social pension;sewerage system;vulnerable population;investment operation;agriculture sector;Education Services;fund releases;monetary policy;sectoral composition;infrastructure operation;foot bridge;household connection;short-term employment;baseline survey;stock market;pipe network;civil works;sewerage treatment;emergency support;road improvement;target beneficiary;tender process;low-income community;credit term;resettlement activities;poverty threshold;air pollutant;social cohesion;case management;remote area;southern coast;food distribution;political disturbance;river system;supply disruption;merchandise import;seasonal job;short-term loan;management tool;cyclonic storm;capital account



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