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The influence of orphanhood on children's schooling and labour : evidence from Sub Saharan Africa (anglais)

This paper explores possible links between orphan hood and two important determinants of child vulnerability - child labor and schooling, using household survey data from 10 Sub Saharan Africa countries. It forms part of a broader, ongoing effort to improve policy responses to the orphan crisis and to child vulnerability generally. Marginal effects calculated after a bivariate probit indicate that becoming an orphan makes it generally less likely that a child has the opportunity to attend school and generally more likely that a child is exposed to work. The size and significance of these effects varies considerably across the 10 analyzed countries, but in only one Lesotho does orphan hood appear to have no significant effect on either work involvement or school attendance. Double orphans appear to be especially vulnerable to schooling loss and work exposure in the analyzed countries, underscoring the importance of the distinction between single and double orphans for policy purposes.

Information

  • Auteur

    Guarcello,Lorenzo, Lyon,Scott, Rosati,Furio Camillo, Valdivia,Cristina Aurora

  • Date du document

    2004/10/01

  • Type de document

    Document de travail

  • Numéro du rapport

    43914

  • Volume

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Pays

    Afrique,

  • Région

    Afrique,

  • Date de publication

    2010/07/01

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Titre du rapport

    The influence of orphanhood on children's schooling and labour : evidence from Sub Saharan Africa

  • Mots clé

    women of child-bearing age;worst forms of child labor;number of street children;extended family safety net;children of school age;fight against child labor;indicator of child labor;high prevalence of hiv;civil society and government;Demographic and Health Survey;age distribution of orphan;number of orphans;households with orphan;children must;primary school enrolment;investment in children;extended family system;care of orphan;household survey data;impact on child;paternal orphan;standard of living;rates of absenteeism;mortality of man;income generating activity;impact of aid;family health international;representative household surveys;education for all;extended family relationship;living standard survey;care for orphan;majority of children;traditional support system;hiv prevalence rate;quality of education;information on education;orphan household head;role of aid;removal of child;hiv infection rate;spread of hiv;long incubation period;child labor force;center for health;loss of earnings;double orphan;maternal orphan;orphaned children;living arrangement;orphan crisis;aids epidemic;school attendance;attendance rate;children of ages;commercial sex;children's schooling;rapid assessment;orphan estimate;rural area;child working;working child;female orphans;domestic service;poor household;geographic area;international community;targeted intervention;dependency ratio;Medical care;biological parent;young adult;foster family;vulnerable child;children's education;relative poverty;young child;attending school;educational level;parental death;foster child;adult death;enrolment gap;school decision;marginal effect;headed household;orphan status;policy purposes;birth parent;descriptive statistic;explanatory note;composite index;econometric evidence;regression results;general agreement;international convention;hiv incidence;aids virus;regression analysis;rural-urban migration;aids orphan;sick relative;formal schooling;work exposure;children's participation;old man;school cost;family expense;domestic work;vulnerable situations;gainful employment;socioeconomic survey;human capital;research program;positive correlation;adult caregiver;aids mortality;younger sibling;primary caregiver;food production;relative risk;school fee;urban child;child population;development study;assessment activity;effective policies;program strategy;foster parent;research design;maternal causes;poor child;age range;Child Health;old adolescents;economic exploitation;cash economy;domestic chore;adolescent girl;Labor migration;demographic data;designing policy;weak tie;stratified sample;survey questionnaire;female child;household questionnaire;public view;generalized epidemic;comparable data;international level;birth registration;educated child;income generation;Social Welfare;community workers;increasing share;child fostering;reciprocal arrangement;child worker;family environment;reciprocal obligation;domestic laborer;mining area;distant relatives;agricultural laborer;high mortality;household wealth;prevention program;domestic workload;commercial farm;primary level;old children;school policy;street vendor;aids death;Social Protection;hiv epidemic;senior secondary;commercial agriculture;school culture;school child;old age;Economic Policy;disadvantaged child;household interview;young age;community safety;household demand;universal enrolment;

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